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Data - November 2015

Manufacturing in NYC: A Snapshot

This data analysis, the inaugural publication of the Center for an Urban Future’s Middle Class Jobs Project, provides a new level of detail about New York City’s manufacturing sector. It reveals that the city has gained nearly 1,000 manufacturing jobs since 2011, reversing a long decline, and documents which manufacturing subsectors in the five boroughs are growing the fastest.

by Jonathan Bowles

Tags: economic growth economic opportunity middle class jobs project middle class manufacturing

Earlier this month, Mayor de Blasio and City Council Speaker Mark-Viverito announced a new action plan to bolster New York City’s industrial and manufacturing sector. The plan is promising for several reasons. For one, it is a welcome attempt to support a sector which has long been a critical source of middle income jobs for New Yorkers, but which also faces a number of challenges. Additionally, the plan comes at an opportune moment: following a decade in which the city lost an average of 9,600 manufacturing jobs a year, the city’s manufacturing sector has stabilized and begun to grow again.

As this analysis demonstrates, between 2011 and 2014 the sector experienced a net gain of nearly 1,000 jobs. Even more encouraging, five different manufacturing subsectors had employment growth during this period: food manufacturing, fabricated metal product manufacturing, furniture and related product manufacturing, non-metallic mineral product manufacturing, and plastics and rubber product manufacturing. In recent years, New York City actually has out-performed the rest of the state in manufacturing growth.

This data brief—the inaugural publication of the Center for an Urban Future’s Middle Class Jobs Project, a research initiative supported by Fisher Brothers that will include a series of reports detailing opportunities to create and preserve middle income jobs in New York—provides a detailed snapshot of the city’s manufacturing sector. It takes a close look at trends in the 13 manufacturing subsectors that have at least 1,000 jobs in the five boroughs, detailing which are growing the fastest, which pay the highest wages and which comprise a disproportionately large share of jobs statewide. Our major findings include:

  • Over the last 3 years, New York City has outpaced the state in manufacturing job creation. Between 2011 and 2014, the city registered a net gain of 880 manufacturing jobs (a 1.2 percent increase) while the state lost 6,615 manufacturing jobs (a 1.4 percent decline).
  • In 2014, food manufacturing became New York City’s largest manufacturing sector, with a total of 16,368 jobs. It surpassed apparel manufacturing, which for several generations had been the largest production sector. The number of apparel manufacturing jobs in the five boroughs has plunged from 57,178 in 2000 to 15,657 jobs in 2014.
  • In 2000, apparel manufacturing accounted for 33.2 percent of all manufacturing jobs in the city and food manufacturing accounted for 8.9 percent. In 2014, food accounted for 21.6 percent and apparel 20.7 percent.
  • Between 2011 and 2014, five manufacturing sectors in the city experienced a net gain in jobs:
  • Food manufacturing                                                     +1,963 (a 13.6 % increase)
  • Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing                 +451 (7.7 %)
  • Furniture & Related Product Manufacturing            +244 (7.7 %)
  • Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing           +153 (10.6 %)
  • Plastics & Rubber Product Manufacturing               +33 (2.0 %)
  • Between 2011 and 2014, eight manufacturing sectors in the city experienced a net loss in jobs:
  • Apparel Manufacturing                                                 - 679 (-4.2 %)
  • Chemical Manufacturing                                              - 436 (-13.2 %)
  • Printing & Related Support Activities                         - 274 (-4.3 %)
  • Textile Mills                                                                     - 250 (-17.6 %)
  • Computer & Electronic Product Manufacturing       - 246 (-8.5 %)
  • Transportation Equipment Manufacturing                - 240 (-18.0 %)
  • Paper Manufacturing                                                    - 116 (-8.0 %)
  • Machinery Manufacturing                                            - 110 (-7.5 %)
  • Only four manufacturing sectors have at least 5,000 jobs in New York City, down from seven in 2000. The sectors with the most manufacturing jobs in the five boroughs are:
  • Food Manufacturing                                                     16,368
  • Apparel Manufacturing                                                15,657
  • Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing                  6,334
  • Printing & Related Support Activities                         6,153
  • Furniture & Related Product Manufacturing             3,433
  • Over the last decade (2004 – 2014), food manufacturing was the only manufacturing sector with a net gain in employment. It experienced a 17.7 percent increase in jobs. Employment was down by at least 19 percent in every other manufacturing sector with at least 1,000 jobs in the five boroughs.
  • In five manufacturing sectors, New York City is home to at least a quarter of all jobs statewide. They are:
  • Apparel Manufacturing                                                84.7 % of the state’s jobs are in NYC
  • Textile Mills                                                                    31.8 %
  • Food Manufacturing                                                     31.0 %
  • Printing & Related Support Activities                        29.0 %
  • Furniture & Related Product Manufacturing            26.0 %
  • The fastest growing manufacturing sector, food manufacturing, is also the one that pays the lowest wages. The average annual wage in the city’s food manufacturing industry is $32,882, which is nearly 40 percent lower than average manufacturing wage in New York City ($54,028). Of the 13 leading manufacturing sectors that we examined for this report, food manufacturing is the only one with an annual wage under $42,000, and one of just three sectors with an average wage under $50,000.  
  • The city’s six best-paying manufacturing sectors all experienced a net loss in jobs between 2011 and 2014.
  • In 2014, the manufacturing industry accounted for just 2.2 percent of all private sector jobs in New York City, down from 5.6 percent in 2000. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New York City Manufacturing Employment, 2000 - 2014
  2014 2013 2012 2011 2004 2000
Manufacturing - All 75,654 75,860 75,940 74,774 119,787 172,266
Food Manufacturing 16,368 15,471 15,400 14,405 13,901 15,365
Apparel Manufacturing 15,657 16,118 16,415 16,336 31,980 57,178
Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 6,334 6,313 6,263 5,883 7,944 10,145
Printing & Related Support Activities 6,153 6,656 6,817 6,427 11,717 15,889
Furniture & Related Product Manufacturing 3,433 3,265 3,078 3,189 4,717 5,966
Chemical Manufacturing 2,859 2,926 3,333 3,295 5,403 6,044
Computer & Electronic Product Manufacturing 2,647 2,973 2,796 2,893 3,779 4,794
Plastics & Rubber Products Manufacturing 1,689 1,567 1,594 1,656 2,684 3,424
Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 1,599 1,664 1,548 1,446 1,979 2,274
Machinery Manufacturing 1,365 1,373 1,307 1,475 2,596 3,539
Paper Manufacturing 1,325 1,305 1,344 1,441 3,233 4,561
Textile Mills 1,173 1,253 1,324 1,423 3,328 6,742
Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 1,092 1,108 1,106 1,332 2,195 2,416

 

 

New York State Manufacturing Employment, 2000 - 2014
  2014 2013 2012 2011 2004 2000
Manufacturing - All 450,192 454,286 456,930 456,807 593,521 745,585
Computer & Electronic Product Manufacturing 56,555 58,446 60,444 61,959 74,293 86,885
Food Manufacturing 52,756 52,521 51,561 49,709 51,932 54,966
Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 51,313 51,201 50,932 49,611 57,022 69,268
Machinery Manufacturing 42,089 42,647 43,366 44,402 51,911 68,893
Chemical Manufacturing 38,034 39,882 40,286 40,293 56,739 67,104
Printing & Related Support Activities 21,247 21,731 22,044 22,547 36,739 43,793
Plastics & Rubber Products Manufacturing 20,785 20,614 20,819 20,783 26,681 33,124
Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 20,439 20,077 21,104 22,514 37,469 45,078
Apparel Manufacturing 18,453 19,020 19,630 19,540 37,188 65,182
Paper Manufacturing 16,354 16,594 16,444 16,441 21,250 27,353
Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 15,117 15,051 15,057 14,830 17,976 22,635
Furniture & Related Product Manufacturing 13,257 13,285 12,933 12,938 18,701 23,227
Textile Mills 3,692 3,742 3,694 3,851 6,804 11,546

 

Source: NYS Department of Labor, Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW).

Employment figures are annual totals.